# particle of mass m kilograms is acted on by two forces F[1] and F[2] with magnitudes 3*sqr-root 5 newtons and sqr-root 5 newtons and directions parallel to the vectors i+2j and i-2j respectively.

The particle is initially at a position given by the vector 2i+j

i was told to calculate the cartesian components of F[1] and F[2] and hence calculate the total force F[1] + F[2], acting on the particle in component form

MY SOLUTION

The vector i+ 2j has length sqrt{1^2+ 2^2}= sqrt{5}[
A vector in that direction, with length is just 3 times that: 3i+ 6j. That's the first force vector.
Similarly, the vector i- 2j also has length root5 so that is the second force vector. The total force, then, is F1+ F2= (3i+ 6j)+ (i- 2j)= 4i+4j

from there i need to show the couple of the total force about the point with position vector i is zero.....so the total force is 4i+4j but i don't understand how to show the couple about the point with position vector i...but im assuming that it is a single force...but a couple cannot be put in equilibrium by a single force so it must be zero? is that correct???????

The unity direction vector for the forces are
(i+2j)/sqrt5 and
(I-2j)/sqrt5

F1= (3sqrt5)(i+2j)/sqrt5 )
F2= (sqrt5)(i-2j)/sqrt5

multiply those out, you get the cartesian coordinats in i,j

Ft= F1+F2=3i + 6j +i -6j=4i check that.

You have in the j direction components a couple (two equal forces, opposite directions)if the forces are acting at a distance. You do not state in the question where the forces act in relation to the center of mass position. I do not understand the comments you made on a couple.

Do the "multiply those out," part for F2 again. You should also be aware of simple cancellation too. Take the root 5 out. (If I read the problem/answer right.)

Bob, it looks like responded to you and thought it was rav's post. Sorry about that.
rav, if you read this, yes, you treat the sum of 2 forces or vectors as a single force/vector. Vector addition is identical with Force addition. I also think your answer was correct.

your Ft is wrong...because F2 is equal to to i-2j...not i-6j...so Ft is therefore 4i+4j

The question i got was a
particle of mass m kilograms is acted on by two forces F[1] and F[2] with magnitudes 3*sqr-root 5 newtons and sqr-root 5 newtons and directions parallel to the vectors i+2j and i-2j respectively.
The particle is initially at a position given by the vector 2i+j

i was told to calculate calculate the total force F[1] + F[2], acting on the particle

from there i was told to show that the couple of the total force about the point with position vector i is zero

this is all the information i was given

correct on the force ft=4i+4j.

Roger mention the equilbrium force, and on that he would be right. However, a couple is not an equilbrant, and I still don't understand how it applies here unless one knows the couple arm (distance from mass to the point the force is applied to). Thanks for checking my work. If you get more information, I am interested on the application of the "couple" here. For a force couple, the directions of the forces is not enough, it has to act on point remote from the center of rotation.

Ok rav, after looking at your question for the 3rd time, if you want it to be in equilibrium you need the vector to point in the other direction. multiply the sum force got by -1. Then it's in equilibrium.

9 months ago

## To calculate the Cartesian components of the forces F[1] and F[2], you need to use the given magnitudes and directions.

For F[1], the magnitude is 3âˆš5 newtons and the direction is parallel to the vector i + 2j. To calculate the Cartesian components, you first need to find the unit vector in the direction of i + 2j. To do this, you divide each component of the vector by its magnitude:

u[1] = (i + 2j) / âˆš(1^2 + 2^2) = (i + 2j) / âˆš(5)

Then, you multiply the unit vector by the magnitude of the force:

F[1] = (3âˆš5) * u[1] = (3âˆš5) * [(i + 2j) / âˆš(5)] = 3i + 6j

So, the Cartesian components of F[1] are 3i + 6j.

Similarly, for F[2], the magnitude is âˆš5 newtons and the direction is parallel to the vector i - 2j. Following the same steps as above, we can calculate the Cartesian components of F[2]:

u[2] = (i - 2j) / âˆš(1^2 + (-2)^2) = (i - 2j) / âˆš(5)

F[2] = (âˆš5) * u[2] = (âˆš5) * [(i - 2j) / âˆš5] = i - 2j

So, the Cartesian components of F[2] are i - 2j.

To calculate the total force F[1] + F[2], simply add the Cartesian components together:

F[1] + F[2] = (3i + 6j) + (i - 2j) = 4i + 4j

Therefore, the total force acting on the particle in component form is 4i + 4j.

Regarding the part about showing the couple of the total force about the point with position vector i is zero, a couple consists of two equal and opposite forces acting at different points and parallel to each other. In this case, since only one total force is given, it cannot form a couple. Therefore, the couple about the point with position vector i is indeed zero.