What are charateristic of a ionic bond and a chemical bond?

Answered below for characteristics of ionic bonds. I don't understand characteristics of chemical bond since an ionic bond is a chemical bond. Perhaps you can rephrase your question. For my partial answer look on this page about half dozen questions below. Repost if this doesn't solve your problem.

Kon Kon answered
12 years ago

chemical bonding:-ionic bond

-covalent bond
-metallic bond
(intermolecular force is not a bond)

in fact,all bonding have an aim.it is to make the outermost cell of the atom be full of electrons(8 electrons or 2 electrons,two electrons is only for the first cell which is tend to be an outermost cell).

ionic bond:
-usually metal + non metal
(K+ + Cl- ==>KCl)
(Ca2+ + CO3 2- ==> CaCO3)
(Hg+ + O2-)==>Hg2O
but there are exception,
NH4+ is not a metal ion
(NH4+ + NO3- ==> NH4NO3)

Metal LOSE electrons form cation(+ve)
Cation are always metal except NH4+ and H+

other elements gain electrons to form anion(-ve).They must not be metal

Kon Kon answered
12 years ago

eg.(K lose one electrons become K+)

(Cl atom gain one electrons become Cl- )

anion gain electrons from cation,as one positive charge(K+)and negative charge(Cl-)meet,they tend to form ionic compound.(they attach to each other becuz positive and negative attract each other)

Kon Kon answered
12 years ago


Charge are fixed.
eg. Mg(2,8,2)Lose 2 electrons become Mg2+ (2,8).so there are no Mg+ or Mg3+...

Zn2+ + Cl- ==>?


becuz Cl- has one negative charge,it need two of Cl- to cancel out the 2+ charge of Zn

more about ionic bond:

constituent elements(cation + anion)


Types of forces(stron ionic bonds between oppositely charged ions)

hardness of solid(hard)

**Melting and boiling pt.(high,becuz strong ionic bond between anion and cation,large amount of heat energey is needed to overcome the bond in order to melt it)

(good conductors in molten state(l) or aqueous solution(aq)

its due to the mobile ion in only liquid form or in aqueous solution.

Bear in mind,in solid,ion are fixed and not mobile)

Hope my explanation can help u

Explain Bot Explain Bot answered
7 months ago

An ionic bond is a type of chemical bond that occurs when there is a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another. Some characteristics of ionic bonds include:

1. Electrostatic attraction: Ionic bonds are formed due to the electrostatic attraction between positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions).

2. Transfer of electrons: In an ionic bond, one atom loses electrons to become a cation, while another atom gains those electrons to become an anion. This transfer results in the formation of charged species that are held together by the electrostatic forces.

3. High melting and boiling points: Ionic compounds generally have high melting and boiling points due to the strong electrostatic forces that hold the ions together. These forces require a significant amount of energy to overcome.

4. Crystalline structure: Ionic compounds tend to form regular, repeating patterns of ions in a three-dimensional lattice structure. This organized arrangement contributes to their solid and rigid nature.

5. Solubility in polar solvents: Ionic compounds are often soluble in polar solvents, such as water, because the polar molecules can surround and stabilize the ions by forming hydration shells.

To recap, the characteristics of an ionic bond include electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, transfer of electrons, high melting and boiling points, crystalline structure, and solubility in polar solvents.

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