# the pressure is one atmosphere and determine the heat in joules required to produce 5.03 kg of water vapor at 100.0 °C, starting with (a) 5.03 kg of water at 100.0 °C and (b) 5.03 kg of liquid water at 0.0 °C.

for part (a) I used the equation Q=mL and L was a given value but I tried the same for part (b) but couldn't get the right answer.

For part be, remember the heat to vaporize is at a constant temp of 100C. First you have to h eat the water to that temperature.

Heattotal= heatwater + heat vaporization
= mc(100) + mL

For part b the water must be heated from 0 degrees C to 100 C then added to the heat required to vaporize it at 100 degrees C. You will need to look up the heat of vaporization.

## To solve part (b) of the problem, you correctly identified that you need to calculate the heat required to heat the water from 0°C to 100°C, and then add it to the heat of vaporization at 100°C.

The equation for calculating the total heat is:
Heattotal = heatwater + heatvaporization

First, you need to calculate the heat required to heat the water from 0°C to 100°C. This can be done using the equation:
heatwater = m * c * ΔT

where:
m = mass of water (given as 5.03 kg)
c = specific heat capacity of water (approximately 4.18 J/g°C or 4180 J/kg°C)
ΔT = change in temperature (100°C - 0°C = 100°C)

Plugging in the values:
heatwater = 5.03 kg * 4180 J/kg°C * 100°C

Next, you need to calculate the heat of vaporization (heatvaporization). This is the energy required to convert 1 gram (or 1 kg) of liquid water at its boiling point (100°C) into water vapor, while keeping the temperature constant. The heat of vaporization for water is approximately 2260 J/g (or 2.26 x 10^6 J/kg).

To find the heat of vaporization for the given mass (5.03 kg), multiply the mass by the heat of vaporization:
heatvaporization = m * LV

Plugging in the values:
heatvaporization = 5.03 kg * 2.26 x 10^6 J/kg

Finally, to find the total heat required, add the heatwater and heatvaporization:
Heattotal = heatwater + heatvaporization

Solving this equation will give you the answer in joules (J), which is the heat required to produce 5.03 kg of water vapor starting with 5.03 kg of liquid water at 0.0°C. Make sure to use the correct unit conversions and sigfigs throughout the calculations.