During the religious wars in Europe around 1500-1700, why did Lutherans eventually come to fear Calvinists?

It is tied to more than religion. Class, tradition, class. See

This was a period of great social transformation, and those entrenched in custom, tradition, feared the radical reformers who were trying to set the country upside down.

Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. I see you already have excellent information, however, here is an article that may help you on the differences in the two doctrines:


Here is another interesting historical background:

From the NRA (National Reform Association, written in 2001)

Finally, a "recap" of the Reformation:


During the religious wars in Europe between 1500 and 1700, Lutherans eventually came to fear Calvinists for a variety of reasons. One of the main factors was theological differences. Martin Luther, the founder of Lutheranism, had different beliefs and teachings compared to John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism.

Lutheranism emphasized the concept of justification by faith alone, while Calvinism focused on the idea of predestination. These theological differences resulted in Lutherans and Calvinists having disagreements and debates over key religious doctrines. As a result, Lutherans may have viewed Calvinists as a threat to their own religious beliefs and practices.

Furthermore, during this time period, there was a great deal of social and political unrest. The religious wars in Europe were not only about religion but also about power and control. Lutherans, who were largely supported by certain ruling classes and nobility, may have feared that the radical reform ideas of the Calvinists would undermine their traditional hierarchy and societal structure.

It is important to note that the fear and animosity between Lutherans and Calvinists was not universal or constant. There were instances of cooperation and collaboration between the two groups, as well as conflicts and tensions. The religious wars in Europe were complex and multifaceted, involving a combination of religious, political, and social factors.