Can someone give me an example or a classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

The best-known example of classical conditioning was Pavlov's dog. In my own experience, I associate the smell of roses with funerals, probably because of an early childhood memory.

Operant conditioning occurs when a particular behavior is rewarded or punished. Parents tend to use operant conditioning with their children, by either rewarding desired behavior or punishing undesirable behavior.

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Classical conditioning is characterized by several factors.

I. The key relationship is associating antecedent events.

II. It originates with reflexive behavior. The behavior is "built in."

III. Classical conditioning is essentially a process of stimulus substitution. The response essentially remains the same.

IV. The response is elicited, since the behavior is reflexive.

Operant (Instrumental) Conditioning was started by Skinner and his box. In contrast to classical conditioning, operant conditioning has some specific qualities.

I. Consequences to responses are the key relationship.

II. Emitted responses are voluntary rather than reflexive.

III. Response substitution occurs -- unreinforced responses go to extinction, while reinforced responses become stronger. Essentially operant conditioning is response contingent reinforcement.

Salivating when you smell food cooking would be a reflex. Connecting the salivation to someone unwrapping the package to be cooked or even discussing cooking would be classical conditioning.

Learning how to rotate a doorknob to open a door would be operant conditioning. We try one direction. If that doesn't get reinforced by opening the door, we try the other direction. After some familiarity with that door, we only turn the knob in the reinforced direction.

I hope this helps. Thanks for asking.

Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are two different types of learning processes that occur in behavior.

Classical conditioning, famously demonstrated by Pavlov's dog, involves associating a neutral stimulus with a natural reflexive response. This results in the neutral stimulus triggering the same response as the natural stimulus.

For example, Pavlov rang a bell every time he presented food to his dog. Over time, the dog learned to associate the sound of the bell with the food and started salivating at the sound of the bell alone, even in the absence of food. This is because the dog's natural response of salivating became conditioned to the sound of the bell.

Another example of classical conditioning is personal associations, like my association of the smell of roses with funerals due to an early childhood memory. In this case, a neutral stimulus (the smell of roses) became associated with a strong emotional response (sadness and grief) through past experiences.

On the other hand, operant conditioning involves the use of rewards or punishments to strengthen or weaken a particular behavior. This type of conditioning focuses on the consequences of behavior and the voluntary actions of individuals.

For instance, parents often use operant conditioning with their children. They may reward desired behavior, such as giving praise or a treat for completing chores, and they may punish undesired behavior, such as taking away privileges for misbehaving. By pairing positive consequences with desired behavior and negative consequences with undesired behavior, parents aim to shape their child's behavior over time.

To learn more about classical conditioning, you can visit the following link:

To learn more about operant conditioning, you can visit the following link:

I hope this explanation helps!