What is an organelle made up of? Lipids, carbohydrates or something else?

My guess would be protines

The correct answer is that organelles are typically composed of various biomolecules, including lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. However, proteins play a particularly crucial role in the structure and function of organelles.

To arrive at this answer, you can consider the composition of different organelles in a eukaryotic cell. For example:

1. Cell membrane: The cell membrane is primarily composed of lipids, specifically phospholipids, which form a lipid bilayer. Proteins are also embedded within the lipid bilayer, serving various functions such as transport, signaling, and structural support.

2. Nucleus: The nucleus contains DNA, which is a nucleic acid. Proteins, such as histones, play a crucial role in organizing and packaging DNA into structures called chromosomes.

3. Mitochondria: Mitochondria are double-membraned organelles involved in energy production. They contain their own genetic material in the form of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is a type of nucleic acid. Additionally, proteins located in the inner mitochondrial membrane are essential for the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the primary energy currency of cells.

4. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER): The ER is a complex organelle involved in protein synthesis, lipid metabolism, and detoxification. It consists of both membrane-bound regions and vesicles. Proteins synthesized by the ribosomes on the ER are actively translocated and folded within the organelle.

These examples illustrate how organelles are composed of lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, and other biomolecules. However, proteins play a critical role in the structure, function, and organization of organelles in a cell.