compare and contrast characteristics of nonverbal and verbal communication for audiences in relaxed situations (family members and friends) and audiences in tense situations (supervisors and instructors). List at least three items for each category.

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To compare and contrast the characteristics of nonverbal and verbal communication for audiences in relaxed situations (family members and friends) and audiences in tense situations (supervisors and instructors), let's examine three items for each category:

For relaxed situations (family members and friends):

1. Nonverbal communication:
a. Physical expressions: In relaxed situations, nonverbal cues like smiles, relaxed postures, and eye contact are often used to convey a sense of comfort and familiarity among family members and friends.
b. Proximity: In close relationships, nonverbal communication can involve physical closeness. Family members and friends may engage in hugs, handshakes, or patting on the back to show affection and support.
c. Informal gestures: Nonverbal communication in relaxed situations may include casual and playful gestures such as high-fives, thumbs up, or even inside jokes that strengthen the bond among individuals.

2. Verbal communication:
a. Informal language: In relaxed situations, family members and friends tend to use more colloquial or informal language. Slang, jokes, and casual tone are common and contribute to a friendly and relaxed atmosphere.
b. Shared knowledge: Verbal communication among close individuals often involves references to shared experiences, inside jokes, or personal anecdotes that establish a sense of belonging.
c. Emotional expression: In relaxed situations, people feel more comfortable expressing emotions verbally. They may freely talk about their feelings, share personal stories, or offer support and encouragement to each other.

For tense situations (supervisors and instructors):

1. Nonverbal communication:
a. Body language: In tense situations, nonverbal cues like crossed arms, frowns, or hand gestures can indicate a disapproving or authoritative stance from supervisors or instructors.
b. Personal space: In professional settings, maintaining a larger personal space can convey a sense of distance and formality between supervisors/instructors and their audience.
c. Eye contact: In tense situations, supervisors and instructors may use intense or prolonged eye contact to establish authority and assert their expectations.

2. Verbal communication:
a. Formal language: In tense situations, supervisors and instructors tend to use more formal language. They may employ specific terminology or maintain a professional tone to convey authority and seriousness.
b. Direct communication: Clarity and conciseness are crucial in tense situations. Supervisors and instructors often communicate directly, providing clear instructions or feedback without leaving room for interpretation.
c. Objective focus: Verbal communication in tense situations is typically centered around the task at hand or the instruction being given. Emotions may be suppressed to maintain professionalism, and the focus is on achieving the desired outcome.

Remember, these characteristics are generalizations, and individual communication styles may vary. Additionally, cultural factors can influence how nonverbal and verbal communication is perceived in different situations.