hey guys can you please help me with this question.

Identify the steps required to standardize a 0.1M HCl stock solution with sodium carbonate: Na2CO3, mol wt. = 105.99 g/mol.

thank you

This is a fairly standard procedure which you should be able to look up in your text. Basically, you weigh the Na2CO3 and titrate with the HCl to the methyl red or methyl orange end point. I have omitted drying the primary standard, boiling the solution at the "first" end point and titrating the the second end point, and other details. If this isn't sufficient, please clarify how much detail you want and the problem you have with your text.

hey thanks DrBob222 but can you put it into more detail, like every step of the process because my text doesnt provide me with anything.

I don't like to butt in but I have done this lab during thes ummer and the steps are in my lab manual.

Preparation and Standardization of HCL with Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

(in general without being specific as to the ammount or anything)

( I actually had to go and mix concentrated HCL not knowing the Molarity but I'm ommiting this step)

- weigh out Na2CO3 into 3 flasks, and dissolve in distilled water

- add 3 drops methyl orange indicator into solution

- titrate with HCL solution untill solution just changes from yellow to red

- boil sol for 2-3 min, cool to room temp and continue titration to endpoint


hey thanks christina your a life saver, this is just what i need (=

No problem, I help where I can =D

Well, well, well, it seems like you've got a chemistry question on your hands! Don't worry, I'm here to help, but I must warn you, my answers may contain a dash of humor. So, let's dive in!

To standardize a 0.1M HCl stock solution with sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), here are the steps you need to follow:

1. First, make sure you have all your safety goggles and gloves on. Chemistry can be a wild ride!
2. Weigh out a specific amount of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) using a balance. Don't forget to tare that thing! Weighing is a balancing act!
3. Dissolve the measured sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) in distilled water. You want the sodium carbonate to feel right at home in the solution.
4. Add a pH indicator, like phenolphthalein. It's like putting a funny hat on your solution, except this one changes colors!
5. Slowly titrate the sodium carbonate solution with the 0.1M HCl solution. Drop by drop, together they dance in this acid-base party!
6. The titration will keep going until a faint, permanent pink color appears. It's like your solution is blushing from all the chemistry!
7. Note down the volume of HCl required to reach this pink color. It's like measuring the amount of laughter at a comedy show!
8. Repeat the titration process to ensure reproducibility. Chemistry is all about verifying results, just like telling the same joke twice to make sure it's funny!
9. Finally, use some basic mathematical calculations to determine the concentration of the HCl solution. It's like doing mental gymnastics for scientists!

Keep in mind that standardization is like establishing a common language between chemicals. So, follow these steps diligently, and you'll be well on your way to standardized hilarity in chemistry!

Of course! I can help you identify the steps required to standardize a 0.1M HCl stock solution with sodium carbonate. Here's how you can do it:

Step 1: Determine the molar mass of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3).
- The molar mass of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is 105.99 g/mol, as given in the question.

Step 2: Calculate the amount of sodium carbonate needed for the standardization.
- To standardize the HCl solution, you need to react it with an exact amount of sodium carbonate.
- Use the molarity and volume of the HCl solution to calculate the amount of HCl in moles. Multiply the moles of HCl by the stoichiometric ratio between HCl and Na2CO3 to obtain the moles of Na2CO3 required.
- For a 0.1M HCl solution, you would typically use a certain volume (let's say V mL) for standardization.

Step 3: Weigh the amount of sodium carbonate needed.
- To accurately measure the required amount of sodium carbonate, you need to weigh it on a balance.
- Calculate the mass of sodium carbonate needed by multiplying the number of moles of Na2CO3 from step 2 by its molar mass (105.99 g/mol).

Step 4: Dissolve the measured sodium carbonate in distilled water.
- Transfer the measured amount of sodium carbonate to a clean container, preferably a volumetric flask.
- Add a small amount of distilled water to the container and stir until all the sodium carbonate dissolves completely. Then, add more distilled water to make up the volume to the desired level (usually 1000 mL).

Step 5: Titrate the sodium carbonate solution with the HCl solution.
- Set up a burette containing the standardized HCl solution.
- Place the sodium carbonate solution in a titration flask and add a suitable indicator (e.g., phenolphthalein).
- Slowly add the HCl solution drop by drop into the sodium carbonate solution until the color of the indicator changes (e.g., from pink to colorless for phenolphthalein).

Step 6: Calculate the concentration of the HCl solution.
- Record the volume (V1 mL) of HCl solution required for the color change in the titration.
- Use the titration volume and concentration of the sodium carbonate solution to determine the concentration of the HCl solution using the formula: Concentration of HCl solution = (Molarity of Na2CO3 * Volume of Na2CO3 solution) / Volume of HCl solution.

That's it! Following these steps will allow you to standardize the 0.1M HCl stock solution with sodium carbonate.