Describe how the role of the family in society has changed traditional has changed?
(b)Explain the link between the nuclear family and industrial society?
(c)In what ways does the treatment of elderly people differ between moder society and traditional industrial society?
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The role of the family in society has changed significantly over time. In traditional societies, the family played a central role in shaping individuals and providing a foundation for social and economic activities. However, with the advent of modern industrial society, the role of the family has undergone numerous transformations.
In traditional society, the family unit was typically extended, meaning that it consisted of not only the nuclear family (parents and children) but also included other relatives such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. This extended family provided a support network for individuals, offering emotional and economic support, as well as socialization and education.
In contrast, industrial society saw the rise of the nuclear family as the dominant family structure. This shift was primarily driven by the demands of the industrial revolution, where individuals were required to move to urban areas to work in factories. As a result, families became smaller and more compact, consisting only of parents and their dependent children. This change was necessitated by the need for mobility and flexibility in the workforce.
The link between the nuclear family and industrial society can be understood by examining their interdependent relationship. Industrialization required a mobile and flexible workforce, meaning that individuals needed to be able to easily move from one location to another in search of employment opportunities. The nuclear family structure facilitated this by being more adaptable and portable compared to the extended family. With a smaller family unit, it was easier for individuals to relocate and find work without being bound by the responsibilities and commitments associated with an extended family.
Moreover, the nuclear family also provided a concentrated workforce. In an industrial society, individuals were expected to work long hours in factories and other industrial settings. The nuclear family allowed for an efficient allocation of labor, with adults dedicated to wage labor while children were often relied upon for household chores and contributing to family income through their own work.
In terms of the treatment of elderly people, modern society and traditional industrial society differ significantly. In traditional industrial society, elderly people were often respected and valued for their wisdom and experience. They held important roles within the family and community, and their opinions and decisions were given considerable weight.
In contrast, modern society tends to place less emphasis on the elderly. With the rise of individualism and the nuclear family structure, older individuals may find themselves living alone or in specialized care facilities such as nursing homes. This isolation can result in a loss of respect and social connection for the elderly.
Additionally, modern society is characterized by a greater focus on productivity and efficiency, which can lead to neglect of the elderly. In industrialized societies, there is often an expectation that individuals should remain active and productive throughout their lives. As a result, older individuals may face challenges in terms of employment and social inclusion, which can impact their overall well-being.
In summary, the role of the family in society has changed from extended to nuclear in modern industrial society. This shift was influenced by the demands of industrialization, including the need for a mobile and adaptable workforce. Furthermore, the treatment of elderly people differs between modern society and traditional industrial society, with modern society placing less emphasis on their value and social contribution.