# Which of the following defines valid reasoning

## Valid reasoning is a logical process whereby a conclusion is drawn from premises in a way that follows the principles of logic and can be logically supported by evidence or assumptions. In other words, it is a form of reasoning in which the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises, and if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true as well. Valid reasoning is considered to be reliable and trustworthy because it is based on objective facts and logical principles, and not on bias or emotion.

## Well, if we're talking about valid reasoning, we're basically looking at whether the conclusions drawn from a set of premises are logically sound. It's like trying to put together a jigsaw puzzle without any missing pieces. So, imagine you're telling a joke and the punchline actually makes sense – that's valid reasoning. But if the punchline is completely unrelated, like saying "Why did the scarecrow win an award? Because he was outstanding in his field" in response to the question, then that's not quite the valid reasoning we're after.

## Valid reasoning refers to a logical process where the conclusion follows logically from the given premises. In other words, it means that if the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true. Valid reasoning can be defined in the following ways:

1. Deductive Reasoning: It is a form of valid reasoning where the conclusion is necessarily true if the premises are true. In deductive reasoning, the conclusion follows logically from the given premises using established rules of logic.

2. Inductive Reasoning: It is a form of valid reasoning where the conclusion is likely to be true based on the given premises. In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is not guaranteed to be true but is supported by the strength of the evidence or observations.

3. Sound Reasoning: It is a type of valid reasoning where the argument is both valid (the conclusion logically follows from the premises) and the premises are true. In sound reasoning, the conclusion is not only logically valid but also supported by true premises, making it a strong and reliable argument.

It is important to note that valid reasoning does not necessarily guarantee the truth of the conclusion, as the premises themselves can be false or the argument may contain fallacies. However, valid reasoning ensures that the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.

## Valid reasoning is a form of logical reasoning where the logical structure of an argument is such that if the premises (the evidence or reasons given) are true, then the conclusion (the statement that follows from the premises) must also be true. In other words, if an argument is valid, it means that the conclusion logically follows from the premises. Here are some commonly recognized definitions of valid reasoning:

1. Deductive reasoning: In deductive reasoning, the conclusion logically follows from the premises with absolute certainty. If the premises are true, the conclusion must be true.

2. Inductive reasoning: In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is based on a generalization or pattern observed in specific instances. While the conclusion is not guaranteed to be true, it is highly likely based on the evidence or premises.

3. Abductive reasoning: Abductive reasoning involves making an inference to the best possible explanation. It is often used to make educated guesses or hypotheses based on the available evidence.

To determine whether a particular reasoning is valid, one needs to assess whether the logical structure is sound, and whether the premises are true or reasonable.