# Which of the following defines valid reasoning

## Valid reasoning refers to a logical process where the conclusion follows logically from the given premises. In other words, it means that if the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true. Valid reasoning can be defined in the following ways:

1. Deductive Reasoning: It is a form of valid reasoning where the conclusion is necessarily true if the premises are true. In deductive reasoning, the conclusion follows logically from the given premises using established rules of logic.

2. Inductive Reasoning: It is a form of valid reasoning where the conclusion is likely to be true based on the given premises. In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is not guaranteed to be true but is supported by the strength of the evidence or observations.

3. Sound Reasoning: It is a type of valid reasoning where the argument is both valid (the conclusion logically follows from the premises) and the premises are true. In sound reasoning, the conclusion is not only logically valid but also supported by true premises, making it a strong and reliable argument.

It is important to note that valid reasoning does not necessarily guarantee the truth of the conclusion, as the premises themselves can be false or the argument may contain fallacies. However, valid reasoning ensures that the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.

## Valid reasoning is a form of logical reasoning where the logical structure of an argument is such that if the premises (the evidence or reasons given) are true, then the conclusion (the statement that follows from the premises) must also be true. In other words, if an argument is valid, it means that the conclusion logically follows from the premises. Here are some commonly recognized definitions of valid reasoning:

1. Deductive reasoning: In deductive reasoning, the conclusion logically follows from the premises with absolute certainty. If the premises are true, the conclusion must be true.

2. Inductive reasoning: In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is based on a generalization or pattern observed in specific instances. While the conclusion is not guaranteed to be true, it is highly likely based on the evidence or premises.

3. Abductive reasoning: Abductive reasoning involves making an inference to the best possible explanation. It is often used to make educated guesses or hypotheses based on the available evidence.

To determine whether a particular reasoning is valid, one needs to assess whether the logical structure is sound, and whether the premises are true or reasonable.