Which accurately describes how Portuguese exploration efforts affected native African civilizations?
A. The Portuguese traded or kidnapped Africans, eventually starting the transatlantic slave trade.
B. The Portuguese explorers traded fox furs, corn, and coffee with African coastal tribes.
C. The Portuguese spread syphilis to African civilizations, killing nearly 20% of the population.
D. The Portuguese spread Judaism to African tribes, teaching ancient Hebrew practices.
I think it is A
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You are correct, option A accurately describes how Portuguese exploration efforts affected native African civilizations. To arrive at this answer, we need to examine historical accounts and the impact of Portuguese exploration during the Age of Discovery.
Portuguese exploration of Africa, which began in the 15th century, played a significant role in the transatlantic slave trade. The Portuguese traded with various African kingdoms for goods such as gold, ivory, and spices. However, over time, they began to kidnap Africans and transport them to the Americas as slaves. This marked the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade, which had devastating impacts on African societies and led to the forced migration and enslavement of millions of Africans.
Option B is incorrect because while trade did occur, the Portuguese primarily engaged in the slave trade and sought valuable commodities like gold and ivory.
Option C is incorrect because there is no historical evidence to suggest that the Portuguese specifically spread syphilis to African civilizations. Syphilis is believed to have originated in the Americas and then spread globally through European contact.
Option D is incorrect because while the Portuguese did encounter various African tribes and kingdoms during their explorations, there is no evidence to suggest that they spread Judaism or taught ancient Hebrew practices to these tribes.
In conclusion, option A accurately reflects the impact of Portuguese exploration efforts on native African civilizations, specifically their role in initiating the transatlantic slave trade.