# a ships navigator determines that the ship is moving through the water at 17.5mi/h with a heading of 26.3 degrees north of east but the ship is actually moving at 19.3 mi/h in a direction of 33.7 degrees north of east. What is the velocity of the current? would this be 17.5cos26.3 and 19.3cos33.7 then find the difference?

## you can get the magnitude by law of cosines...draw the figure.

Then to get the heading of the current, use law of sines.

## Vs + Vc = 19.3 cos 33.7 i + 19.3 sin 33.7 j

Vs = 17.5 cos 26.3 i + 17.5 sin 26.3 j

so

Vc x = 19.3 cos 33.7 - 17.5 cos 26.3

and

Vc y = 19.3 sin 33.7 - 17.5 sin 26.3

|Vc|^2 = (Vc x)^2 + (Vc y)^2

tan angle N of E = Vc y/ Vc x

of course in the real world navigators measure angles east of north, not north of east, but people who write math books do not operate ships :)

## To determine the velocity of the current, we can compare the ship's actual velocity to its expected velocity based on its heading.

First, we need to break down the velocities into their northward and eastward components.

For the expected velocity:

- The northward component can be calculated as: 17.5 mi/h * sin(26.3°)

- The eastward component can be calculated as: 17.5 mi/h * cos(26.3°)

For the actual velocity:

- The northward component can be calculated as: 19.3 mi/h * sin(33.7°)

- The eastward component can be calculated as: 19.3 mi/h * cos(33.7°)

Now, let's calculate these values:

Expected velocity:

- Northward component: 17.5 mi/h * sin(26.3°) ≈ 7.68 mi/h

- Eastward component: 17.5 mi/h * cos(26.3°) ≈ 15.72 mi/h

Actual velocity:

- Northward component: 19.3 mi/h * sin(33.7°) ≈ 10.44 mi/h

- Eastward component: 19.3 mi/h * cos(33.7°) ≈ 16.05 mi/h

Next, we can find the difference between the expected and actual velocities:

- The difference in the northward component is: Actual northward component - Expected northward component = 10.44 mi/h - 7.68 mi/h ≈ 2.76 mi/h

- The difference in the eastward component is: Actual eastward component - Expected eastward component = 16.05 mi/h - 15.72 mi/h ≈ 0.33 mi/h

Therefore, the velocity of the current is approximately 2.76 mi/h to the north and 0.33 mi/h to the east.

## To find the velocity of the current, you need to compare the observed velocity of the ship with its actual velocity. Let's break down the given information and calculate the velocity of the current step by step:

1. The observed velocity of the ship is given as 17.5 mi/h with a heading of 26.3 degrees north of east.

2. The actual velocity of the ship is given as 19.3 mi/h in a direction of 33.7 degrees north of east.

3. The difference between these velocities can be attributed to the velocity of the current.

Now, let's calculate the x and y-components of both velocities and find the difference:

For the observed velocity:

- The x-component is calculated as 17.5 mi/h * cos(26.3°).

- The y-component is calculated as 17.5 mi/h * sin(26.3°).

For the actual velocity:

- The x-component is calculated as 19.3 mi/h * cos(33.7°).

- The y-component is calculated as 19.3 mi/h * sin(33.7°).

Finally, calculate the difference between the x and y-components of the observed and actual velocities separately to get the x and y-components of the velocity of the current. The magnitude and direction of the velocity of the current can be found using the Pythagorean theorem and inverse tangent, respectively.

Keep in mind that it is essential to convert angles to radians when using trigonometric functions, but the given angles are already in degrees.