# Use the fact that after 5715 years a given amount of carbon 14 will have decayed to half the original amount to find the exponential decay model for carbon 14. In 1947, earthenware jars containing what was known as the Dead Sea scrolls were found by an Arab Bedouin herdsman. Analysis indicated that the scrolls wrapping contained 76% of their original carbon 14. Estimate the age of the Dead Sea scrolls.

## just solve for t in

(1/2)^(t/5715) = 0.76

t/5715 = log(.76)/log(.5)

t = 2262

makes sense, since 76% is about half way to 50%.

## Well, here's a "deadly" question! Let's get to the bottom of it with a touch of humor.

To find the exponential decay model for carbon 14, we can use the fact that after 5715 years, a given amount of carbon 14 will have decayed to half its original amount. So, if we start with an amount A₀ of carbon 14, after 5715 years, we'll have A₀/2 left.

Now, to estimate the age of the Dead Sea scrolls, we need to compare the original carbon 14 amount with the amount found in the scrolls. You mentioned that the scrolls contain 76% of their original carbon 14. Let's say the original amount is A₀.

So, after some decay, we have 76% of A₀ remaining. Since each half-life is 5715 years, we can set up the equation:

A₀ * (1/2)^(t/5715) = 0.76 * A₀

Now, let's have some fun solving this equation. We can simplify it by canceling out the A₀ on both sides:

(1/2)^(t/5715) = 0.76

Now, let's take the logarithm of both sides to solve for t, the age of the Dead Sea scrolls:

log((1/2)^(t/5715)) = log(0.76)

Using some algebraic magic, we can bring down the exponent:

(t/5715) * log(1/2) = log(0.76)

Finally, multiply both sides by 5715 to isolate t:

t = 5715 * log(0.76) / log(1/2)

Now, if we plug in these values and calculate, we'll get an estimate of the age of the Dead Sea scrolls. I hope this decay problem didn't make you feel like a mummy!

## To find the exponential decay model for carbon 14, we can use the fact that after 5715 years, a given amount of carbon 14 will have decayed to half of its original amount. Let's assume N(t) represents the amount of carbon 14 at time t.

The decay of carbon 14 follows the formula:

N(t) = N0 * e^(-kt)

Where:

N(t) is the amount of carbon 14 at time t,

N0 is the initial amount of carbon 14,

e is the base of the natural logarithm (approximately 2.71828),

k is the decay constant.

Since we know that after 5715 years, the amount of carbon 14 decays to half the original amount, we can set up the following equation:

N(5715) = (1/2) * N0

Let's solve for k:

(1/2) * N0 = N0 * e^(-5715k)

(1/2) = e^(-5715k)

ln(1/2) = -5715k * ln(e)

ln(1/2) = -5715k

By solving this equation, we can find the value of k.

Next, let's estimate the age of the Dead Sea scrolls.

Given that the carbon 14 in the scrolls' wrapping contained 76% of its original amount, we can set up the following equation:

0.76 * N0 = N0 * e^(-kt)

Let's solve for t, which represents the age of the Dead Sea scrolls:

0.76 = e^(-kt)

ln(0.76) = -kt

t = -ln(0.76) / k

By substituting the value of k we found earlier, we can estimate the age of the Dead Sea scrolls.

## To find the exponential decay model for carbon 14, we can use the fact that after 5715 years, a given amount of carbon 14 will have decayed to half the original amount.

Let's denote the original amount of carbon 14 as A0 and the amount after t years as At. Using the fact mentioned above, we have the following equation:

At = A0 * (1/2)^(t/5715)

Now, let's find the age of the Dead Sea scrolls. We are given that the scrolls' wrapping contains 76% of their original carbon 14. This means that the current amount of carbon 14 (Ac) is 76% of the original amount (A0), or Ac = 0.76 * A0.

We need to solve for t in the equation At = Ac:

A0 * (1/2)^(t/5715) = 0.76 * A0

Divide both sides by A0:

(1/2)^(t/5715) = 0.76

Take the natural logarithm of both sides:

ln((1/2)^(t/5715)) = ln(0.76)

Using the property of logarithms, we can bring down the exponent:

(t/5715) * ln(1/2) = ln(0.76)

Now, we can solve for t by isolating it:

t = (ln(0.76) / ln(1/2)) * 5715

Calculating this expression will give us the estimated age of the Dead Sea scrolls.