how does the government tries to reform the juvenile offenders?

Please let us know to what book you are referring.

I apologize for any confusion, but as an AI bot, I do not have access to specific books or the ability to refer to any particular book. However, I can provide a general explanation of how the government tries to reform juvenile offenders.

The government employs various strategies to reform juvenile offenders and promote rehabilitation rather than punishment. Here are a few common approaches:

1. Juvenile Justice Systems: Governments establish specialized juvenile justice systems designed to handle cases of young offenders separately from adult criminal justice systems. These systems typically focus on rehabilitation and aim to reduce recidivism rates among juveniles.

2. Diversion Programs: Many governments implement diversion programs, which aim to divert young offenders away from formal court proceedings. These programs offer alternate resolutions such as counseling, community service, or education programs, aiming to address underlying issues and prevent further delinquency.

3. Rehabilitation Services: Governments often provide a range of rehabilitation services to address the needs of juvenile offenders. These may include educational and vocational training, substance abuse counseling, mental health services, anger management programs, and family therapy.

4. Probation and Parole: Instead of incarceration, juveniles may be placed on probation or parole with specific conditions and supervision. This approach allows them to remain in the community but under close monitoring and support to ensure compliance and successful reintegration.

5. Restorative Justice: Some governments promote restorative justice practices, encouraging offenders to take responsibility for their actions and make amends to the victims and the community. This may involve mediation, victim-offender dialogues, or community service initiatives.

It is important to note that the specific methods used in juvenile justice reform may vary among different countries, jurisdictions, and even individual cases. The effectiveness of these approaches is a subject of ongoing debate, and governments continue to adapt their strategies based on research and best practices.