List at least two effects that organized religion has had on society and give examples from past and/or present world events that illustrate your examples.
Try Google searches of the following:
crusades, "war on terror", jihad, "thirty years war", reformation, pilgrims, "spanish inquisition"
Please add to the list the Holocaust.
That being said think about the positive influence that religion has had in such items as the enlightenment the legal and moral codes such as the Code of Hammurabi and Justinian Code. Religion has had a major influence in Science, Art, Music, Literature and other cultural items.
One must not forget the Ten Commandments and the good that has been derived directly and indirectly from religion.
Hospitals, schools, poverty organizations, youth activities, charities....
There's a large list to chose from out there, both good and bad.
Two effects that organized religion has had on society are:
1. Conflict and violence: Organized religion has been a catalyst for conflict and violence throughout history. Examples from the past include the Crusades, the Thirty Years' War, and the Spanish Inquisition. The Crusades (11th-13th centuries) were a series of religious wars that were initiated by the Latin Church in an attempt to recover the Holy Land from Muslim control, resulting in widespread violence, persecution, and destruction. The Thirty Years' War (17th century) was predominantly driven by religious tensions between Protestants and Catholics, leading to immense suffering and devastation across Europe. The Spanish Inquisition (15th-17th centuries) involved the persecution and forced conversion of Jews and Muslims in Spain, causing immense fear and suffering.
2. Social welfare and charitable works: On the other hand, organized religion has also played a significant role in promoting social welfare and charitable works. Religious institutions have often been at the forefront of establishing hospitals, schools, poverty organizations, and engage in youth activities and charities. These institutions are driven by religious teachings and values that emphasize compassion, empathy, and care for the less fortunate. For example, many hospitals and universities around the world were initially established by religious orders or with religious motivations.
It is important to note that the impact of organized religion on society is complex and multifaceted, and it can vary greatly depending on the specific religious traditions, cultural contexts, and individual interpretations of religious doctrines. While certain events and practices may demonstrate negative consequences, there are also numerous instances where religion has positively influenced society, including advancements in science, art, music, literature, and the development of legal and moral codes.
Regarding your mentioned items, the Holocaust is often understood as a result of various factors including the rise of anti-Semitic ideologies and political ambitions rather than solely being attributed to organized religion. However, it is important to recognize that religious institutions and individuals played different roles during this tragic event.
In conclusion, organized religion has had both positive and negative effects on society. It is crucial to approach any analysis with an open mind and consider the diverse ways in which religion can shape human history and social dynamics.