Calculate the volume, in milliliters, of a 0.220 M KOH solution that should be added to 5.750 g of HEPES (MW = 238.306 g/mol, p𝐾a = 7.56) to give a pH of 7.98.
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2 answers

I haven't used as many significant figures as I should so you should recalculate all of this from scratch.
mols HEPES = 5.75 h/238.3 = about 0.024. The rxn is
mols acid(HEPES) + OH^ = moles base(salt) + H2O
Solve for base needed.
...................HEPES acid + OH^ ==> HEPES base(salt) + H2O
I....................0.024................0...............0.....................................
add.........................................x....................................
C......................x...................x................x
E.................0.024x.................0...............x
Plug the E line into the HendersonHasselbalch equation like this.
pH = pKa + log [(base)/(acid)]
7.98 = 7.56 + log (b/a)
7.98 = 7.56 + log (x/0.024x)
Solve for x = mols base
Solve for 0.24x = moles acid
moles base = M x L. You know M and moles KOH, solve for L and convert to mL.
Post your work if you get stuck.
Note: Technically, one the HH equation uses CONCENRATION of acid and base and I've used moles instead. Technically, that is wrong BUT molarity = M = mols/L and when I use mols I can get away with that BECAUSE the volume is the same for the acid and the base because its the same solution. Volume in L cancels and moles is left. Your teacher may tell you to use volume so you can always write
7.58 = 7.56 + log [(x mols/L)/(0.024x)/L)] and cancel the L. 👍
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answered by DrBob222 
Thank you so much for your help!!
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answered by Ainsley
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