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Suppose a cup of coffee is at 100 degrees Celsius at time t = 0, it is at 70 degrees

at t = 10 minutes, and it is at 50 degrees at t = 20 minutes. Compute the ambient temperature.

So in the book I was given Newton's Heat equation.
dT/dt=k(A-T) where T is temperature of the coffee. t is time. A is the ambient temperature.
This is a seperable equation so I isolated k to one side with dt and dT/(A-T)
When I took the integral of both sides I got
ln(A-T)=kt+C
which is then
A=e^(kt+C)+T

How do I find ambient temperature or k or C? I am very confused and cannot get past this step.

Thanks!

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1 answer
  1. I always like to subsume the e^C into a new C so the function is

    Ce^(kt)+T

    A(0) = 100
    so, C + T = 100

    A(10) = 70
    so, Ce^10k+T = 70

    also, use the 3rd point, and then you can solve for the constants.

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