Which accurately describes an English achievement during the Industrial Revolution that improved mining production?
Andrew Meikle invented the threshing machine to help bring ore up from mines
j.m. jacquard loom to make waterproof coats for mine workers
edmund Cartwright developed the power loom to create clothing for mine workers
james watt created an improved steam engine to pump water out of mines
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Correct answer: D) James Watt created an improved steam engine to pump water out of mines.
Explanation: To find the answer to this question, we need to understand the achievements of different inventors during the Industrial Revolution that contributed to improving mining production.
Option A, Andrew Meikle's invention of the threshing machine, is unrelated to mining production. The threshing machine was used in agriculture to separate grain from its husks.
Option B, J.M. Jacquard's invention of the loom to make waterproof coats for mine workers, is also unrelated to mining production. The Jacquard loom revolutionized the textile industry by automating the process of weaving complex patterns, but it did not directly impact mining operations.
Option C, Edmund Cartwright's development of the power loom to create clothing for mine workers, is again not directly related to mining production. The power loom, invented by Cartwright, was significant in the textile industry as it increased weaving productivity, but it did not have a direct impact on mining.
Option D, James Watt's creation of an improved steam engine to pump water out of mines, is the correct answer. During the Industrial Revolution, mining operations faced the challenge of dealing with water flooding in the mines. Watt's steam engine, which he improved upon the Newcomen engine, played a crucial role in pumping water out of mines by harnessing steam power. This invention greatly enhanced mining productivity by allowing miners to access deeper and previously inaccessible parts of the mines, consequently increasing the overall mining output.
Therefore, the correct answer is D) James Watt created an improved steam engine to pump water out of mines.