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what volume of .422 M NaOH must be added to .500L of .300 M acetic acid to raise its ph to 4.00


i know you have to use the henderson hasselbalch equation but im not sure which values i would use for the concentration portion of the equation. would i have to change the molarity of any of the amounts given initially.

would i add the naoh to the acetic acid which would go to completion leaving me with 0.078 M acetic acid and .422 M of the conjugate then use those values in the equation

.177827 = (.422)(x)/(.078)(.500-x)

then x would equal the volume of NaOh needed?

thank you in advance

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1 answer
  1. Technically the concentrations go in in molarity. I like to work in mols and since M = mols/L and the value for L in both numerator and denominator is the same the L cancel and one can use mols (actually I use millimols) directly.
    millimols HAc = 500 mL x 0.3M = 150 mmols.

    ........OH^- + HAc ==> Ac^- + H2O
    I.......0......150......0......0
    add.....x.......................
    C......-x......-x.......x......
    E.......0.....150-x.....x.......

    Substitute into the HH equation and solve for x = mmols NaOH.

    Then since M = mmols/mL, plug in M NaOH and mmols NaOH to find mL 0.422 M NaOH. I think the answer is approx 50 mL.
    I....

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