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In the following sentence identify the function of the infinitive (phrase).

Is it too expensive to travel to Europe?

My list of answers contains:
Adverb, subject, direct object, adjective, object of preposition, and predicate noun.

I chose predicate noun.

Also, if an adjective precedes an infinitive like it does in this case, how can I determine its function?

Thank you!

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3 answers
  1. You are correct. The adjective "too" modifies "expensive."

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  2. I disagree. "Expensive" is an adjective, it can only be modified by an adverb. In this case, "too."

    The infinitive phrase is an appositive. There is no predicate noun; there is a predicate adjective (expensive)

    The basic sentence is

    It is expensive.
    The appositive makes it equivalent to:
    To travel is expensive.

    So, the phrase functions as the subject.

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  3. Wow, that sounds complicated. Thank you for your help!

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